National and International-General Knowledge Questions and Answers are updated in June 2020.

Nobel Prize:

Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament on November 27, 1895, giving the largest share of his fortune to a series of awards in Physics,

Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace – the Nobel Prizes. In 1968, in Memory of Alfred Nobel, Sveriges Riksbank (Swedish central bank) established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences.

Nobel Prize for Indian
  • Rabindra Nath Tagore – 1913 in Literature
  • C. V. Raman -1930 in Physics
  • Har Govind Khurana -1968 for Medicine
  • Mother Teresa – 1979 for Peace
  • Amartya Sen -1998 for Economics
  • R. K. Pachuri – 2007 for Peace
Nobel Prize Number of Prizes Number of Laureates Awarded to one Laureate Shared by two Laureates Shared by three Laureates
Physics 113 213 47 32 34
Chemistry 111 184 63 23 25
Medicine 110 219 39 33 38
Literature 112 116 108 4
Peace 100 107+27 68 30 2
Economic Sciences 51 84 25 19 7
Total: 597 950 350 141 106

Oscars Award :

The Oscars (organized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)-a selection of awards granted annually for cinematic accomplishments of excellence

Oscars Award for Indians
  • 1982: BhanuAthaiya (Best costume designer for the film Gandhi by Richard Attenborough) 
  • 1991: Satyajit Ray received a Career Achievement Honourary Award in Cinema. 
  • 2008: Russell Pookutty – Perfect sound design for Slumdog Millionaire film by Danny Boyle 
  • 2008: A.R Rahman won 2 awards for Slumdog Millionaire, Best Score and Best Original Song (music) 
  • 2008: Gulzar won Slumdog Millionaire Best Album (Lyrics)

Bharat Ratna

The Bharat Ratna is the Republic of India ‘s top civilian award. The award, created on 2 January 1954, is awarded in appreciation of exemplary service / performance of the highest order, without distinction of color, profession, place or sex.

Bharat Ratna Award for Indians
  • 1st Indian to be awarded the BharathRatna – C. Rajagopalachari
  • In 2013, nobody received the Bharat Ratna. Late Bhimsen Joshi, who won in 2008, got Bharat Ratna’s last award.
Year Name of Awardees
1954 C Rajagopalachari, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, CV Raman
1955 Bhagwan Das, M Visvesvaraya, Jawaharlal Nehru
1957 Govind Ballabh Pant
1958 Dhondo Keshav Karve
1961 Bidhan Chandra Roy, Purushottam Das Tandon
1962 Rajendra Prasad
1963 Zakir Husain, Pandurang Vaman Kane
1966 Lal Bahadur Shastri
1971 Indira Gandhi
1975 VV Giri
1976 K Kamaraj
1980 Mother Teresa
1983 Vinoba Bhave
1987 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
1988 MG Ramachandran
1990 BR Ambedkar, Nelson Mandela
1991 Rajiv Gandhi, Vallabhbhai Patel, Morarji Desai
1992 Abul Kalam Azad, JRD Tata, Satyajit Ray
1997 Gulzarilal Nanda, Aruna Asaf Ali, APJ Abdul Kalam
1998 MS Subbulakshmi, Chidambaram Subramaniam
1999 Jayaprakash Narayan, Amartya Sen, Gopinath Bordoloi, Ravi Shankar
2001 Lata Mangeshkar, Bismillah Khan
2009 Bhimsen Joshi
2014 CNR Rao, Sachin Tendulkar
2015 Madan Mohan Malaviya, Atal Bihari Vajpayee
2019 Pranab Mukherjee, Nanaji Deshmukh, Bhupen Hazarika

Padma Awards

Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri Padma awards are awarded for exemplary and respected service in every region, including support provided by government officials.

For the 54 Padma awards, two were given Padma Víbhushan, 10 were givenwith Padma Bhushan and 42 were rewarded with Padma Shree.

Name Field State/Country
George Fernandes (Posthumous) Public Affairs Bihar
Arun Jaitley(Posthumous) Public Affairs Delhi
Sir Anerood Jugnauth Public Affairs Mauritius
M. C. Mary Kom Sports Manipur
Chhannulal Mishra Art Uttar Pradesh
Sushma Swaraj(Posthumous) Public Affairs Delhi
Sri Vishveshateertha Swamiji Sri, Pejavara Adhokhaja Matha Udupi (Posthumous) Others-Spiritualism Karnataka
Name Field State/Country
M. Mumtaz Ali (Sri M) Others-Spiritualism Kerala
Syed Muazzem Ali(Posthumous) Public Affairs Bangladesh
Muzaffar Hussain Baig Public Affairs Jammu and Kashmir
Ajoy Chakravorty Art West Bengal
Manoj Das Literature and Education Puducherry
Balkrishna Doshi Others-Architecture Gujarat
Krishnammal Jagannathan Social Work Tamil Nadu
S. C. Jamir Public Affairs Nagaland
Anil Prakash Joshi Social Work Uttarakhand
Dr. Tsering Landol Medicine Ladakh
Anand Mahindra Trade and Industry Maharashtra
Neelakanta Ramakrishna, Madhava Menon (Posthumous) Public Affairs Kerala
Manohar Gopalkrishna, Prabhu Parrikar (Posthumous) Public Affairs Goa
Prof. Jagdish Sheth Literature and Education USA
P. V. Sindhu Sports Telangana
Venu Srinivasan Trade and Industry Tamil Nadu
Name Field State/Country
Guru Shashadhar Acharya Art Jharkhand
Dr. Yogi Aeron Medicine Uttarakhand
Jai Prakash Agarwal Trade and Industry Delhi
Jagdish Lal Ahuja Social Work Punjab
Kazi Masum Akhtar Literature and Education West Bengal
Ms. Gloria Arieira Literature and Education Brazil
Khan Zaheerkhan Bakhtiyarkhan Sports Maharashtra
Dr. Padmavathy Bandopadhyay Medicine Uttar Pradesh
Dr. Sushovan Banerjee Medicine West Bengal
Dr. Digambar Behera Medicine Chandigarh
Dr. Damayanti Beshra Literature and Education Odisha
Pawar Popatrao Bhaguji Social Work Maharashtra
Himmata Ram Bhambhu Social Work Rajasthan
Sanjeev Bikhchandani Trade and Industry Uttar Pradesh
Gafurbhai M. Bilakhia Trade and Industry Gujarat
Bob Blackman Public Affairs United Kingdom
Indira P. P. Bora Art Assam
Madan Singh Chauhan Art Chhattisgarh
Usha Chaumar Social Work Rajasthan
Lil Bahadur Chettri Literature and Education Assam
Lalitha & Ms. Saroja Chidambaram (Duo)* Art Tamil Nadu
Dr. Vajira Chitrasena Art Sri Lanka
Dr. Purushottam Dadheech Art Madhya Pradesh
Utsav Charan Das Art Odisha
Prof. Indra Dassanayake (Posthumous) Literature and Education Sri Lanka
H. M. Desai Literature and Education Gujarat
Manohar Devadoss Art Tamil Nadu
Oinam Bembem Devi Sports Manipur
Lia Diskin Social Work Brazil
M. P. Ganesh Sports Karnataka
Dr. Bangalore Gangadhar Medicine Karnataka
Dr. Raman Gangakhedkar Science and Engineering Maharashtra
Barry Gardiner Public Affairs United Kingdom
Chewang Motup Goba Trade and Industry Ladakh
Bharat Goenka Trade and Industry Karnataka
Yadla Gopalarao Art Andhra Pradesh
Mitrabhanu Gountia Art Odisha
Tulasi Gowda Social Work Karnataka
Sujoy K. Guha Science and Engineering Bihar
Harekala Hajabba Social Work Karnataka
Enamul Haque Others-Archaeology Bangladesh
Madhu Mansuri Hasmukh Art Jharkhand
Abdul Jabbar (Posthumous) Social Work Madhya Pradesh
Bimal Kumar Jain Social Work Bihar
Meenakshi Jain Literature and Education Delhi
Nemnath Jain Trade and Industry Madhya Pradesh
Shanti Jain Art Bihar
Sudhir Jain Science and Engineering Gujarat
Benichandra Jamatia Literature and Education Tripura
K. V. Sampath Kumar & Ms. Vidushi Jayalakshmi K.S.(Duo)* Literature and Education-Journalism Karnataka
Karan Johar Art Maharashtra
Dr. Leela Joshi Medicine Madhya Pradesh
Sarita Joshi Art Maharashtra
C. Kamlova Literature and Education Mizoram
Dr. Ravi Kannan R. Medicine Assam
Ekta Kapoor Art Maharashtra
Yazdi Naoshirwan Karanjia Art Gujarat
Narayan J. Joshi Karayal Literature and Education Gujarat
Dr. Narindar Nath Khanna Medicine Uttar Pradesh
Naveen Khanna Science and Engineering Delhi
S. P. Kothari Literature and Education USA
V. K. Munusamy Krishnapakthar Art Puducherry
M. K. Kunjol Social Work Kerala
Manmohan Mahapatra (Posthumous) Art Odisha
Ustad Anwar Khan Mangniyar Art Rajasthan
Kattungal Subramaniam Manilal Science and Engineering Kerala
Munna Master Art Rajasthan
Prof. Abhiraj Rajendra Mishra Literature and Education Himachal Pradesh
Binapani Mohanty Literature and Education Odisha
Dr. Arunoday Mondal Medicine West Bengal
Dr. Prithwindra Mukherjee Literature and Education France
Sathyanarayan Mundayoor Social Work Arunachal Pradesh
Manilal Nag Art West Bengal
N. Chandrasekharan Nair Literature and Education Kerala
Dr. Tetsu Nakamura (Posthumous) Social Work Afghanistan
Shiv Datt Nirmohi Literature and Education Jammu and Kashmir
Pu Lalbiakthanga Pachuau Literature and Education-Journalism Mizoram
Moozhikkal Pankajakshi Art Kerala
Dr. Prasanta Kumar Pattanaik Literature and Education USA
Jogendra Nath Phukan Literature and Education Assam
Rahibai Soma Popere Others-Agriculture Maharashtra
Yogesh Praveen Literature and Education Uttar Pradesh
Jitu Rai Sports Uttar Pradesh
Tarundeep Rai Sports Sikkim
S. Ramakrishnan Social Work Tamil Nadu
Rani Rampal Sports Haryana
Kangana Ranaut Art Maharashtra
Dalavai Chalapathi Rao Art Andhra Pradesh
Shahbuddin Rathod Literature and Education Gujarat
Kalyan Singh Rawat Social Work Uttarakhand
Chintala Venkat Reddy Others-Agriculture Telangana
Dr. Shanti Roy Medicine Bihar
Radhammohan & Ms. Sabarmatee (Duo)* Others-Agriculture Odisha
Batakrushna Sahoo Others-Animal Husbandry Odisha
Trinity Saioo Others-Agriculture Meghalaya
Adnan Sami Art Maharashtra
Vijay Sankeshwar Trade and Industry Karnataka
Dr. Kushal Konwar Sarma Medicine Assam
Sayed Mehboob Shah Qadri alias Sayedbhai Social Work Maharashtra
Mohammed Sharif Social Work Uttar Pradesh
Shyam Sunder Sharma Art Bihar
Dr. Gurdip Singh Medicine Gujarat
Ramjee Singh Social Work Bihar
Vashishtha Narayan Singh (Posthumous) Science and Engineering Bihar
Daya Prakash Sinha Art Uttar Pradesh
Dr. Sandra Desa Souza Medicine Maharashtra
Vijayasarathi Sribhashyam Literature and Education Telangana
Kalee Shabi Mahaboob & Sheik Mahaboob Subani (Duo)* Art Tamil Nadu
Javed Ahmad Tak Social Work Jammu and Kashmir
Pradeep Thalappil Science and Engineering Tamil Nadu
Yeshe Dorjee Thongchi Literature and Education Arunachal Pradesh
Robert Thurman Literature and Education USA
Agus Indra Udayana Social Work Indonesia
Harish Chandra Verma Science and Engineering Uttar Pradesh
Sundaram Verma Social Work Rajasthan
Dr. Romesh Tekchand Wadhwani Trade and Industry USA
Suresh Wadkar Art Maharashtra
Prem Watsa Trade and Industry Canada

International Gandhi Peace Prize

This award is presented to individuals and institutions through non-violence and Gandhian philosophy for their contributions to social, economic, and political revolutions. The prize is in cash of Rs. 10 million.

Kenneth Kaundahas, the former President of Zambian Republic, was awarded the Gandhi Development Trust’s (GDT) International Peace and Reconciliation Award 2012 in SouthAfrica.

Lal Bahadur Shastri NationalAward

The Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award is for Public Administration Excellence, Academics and Management

Smt. Tessy Thomas, selected for the prestigious Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for Public Administration Excellence”-2012

Gallantry Awards

PARAM VIR CHAKRA

India’s highest military decoration is the Param Vir Chakra (PVC), awarded for its distinguished actions in wartime. Param Vir Chakra is the “wheel of the ultimate courage” and it is awarded in the presence of the enemy for “most conspicuous bravery.” The PVC medal was created by Savitri Khanolkar who received the first PVC coincidentally with his brother-in – law daughter Major Somnath Sharma.

Name

Regiment

Date

Major Somnath Sharma 4th Battalion, Kumaon Regiment 3 Nov, 1947, Posthumous
Second Lieutenant Rama Raghoba Rane Bombay Engineers 8, April, 1948
Naik Jadu Nath Singh 1st Battalion, Rajput Regiment 6 February, 1948, Posthumous
Company Havildar Major Piru Singh Shekhawat 6th Battalion, Rajputana Rifles 18 July, 1948,Posthumous
Lance Naik Karam Singh Sikh Regiment 13 October, 1948
Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria 3/1 Gorkha Rifles 5 December, 1961
Major Dhan Singh Thapa 1st Battalion, 8th Gorkha Rifles 21 October, 1962
Subedar Joginder Singh 1st Battalion, Sikh Regiment 23 October, 1962, Posthumous
Major Shaitan Singh 13th Battalion, Kumaon Regiment 18 November, 1962,Posthumous
Company Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hamid 4th Battalion, The Grenadiers 10 September, 1965, Posthumous
Lieutenant-Colonel Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore 17th Poona Horse 11 September, 1965, Posthumous
Lance Naik Albert Ekka 14th Battalion, Brigade of the Guards 4 December, 1971, Posthumous
Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon No.18 Squadron, Indian Air Force 14 December, 1971, Posthumous
2/Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal 17 Poona Horse 16 December, 1971, Posthumous
Major Hoshiar Singh 3rd Battalion, The Grenadiers Regiment 17 December, 1971
Naib Subedar Bana Singh Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry 23 May, 1987
Major Ramaswamy Parameshwaran 8th Battalion, Mahar Regiment 25 November, 1987, Posthumous
Captain Manoj Kumar Pandey 1st Battalion, 11th Gorkha Rifles 3 July, 1999, Posthumous
Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav 18th Battalion, The Grenadiers 4 July, 1999
Rifleman Sanjay Kumar 13th Battalion, Jammu & Kashmir Rifles 4 July, 1999
Captain Vikram Batra 13th Battalion, Jammu & Kashmir Rifles 7 July, 1999, Posthumous
MAHA VIR CHAKRA

The Maha Vir Chakra (MVC) is the Second Higher Military Decoration after the Param Vir Chakra (the literally great Warrior Medal) and has received the award for acts of remarkable gallantry in the enemy’s presence, on land, at sea or in the air. The Distinguished Service Order of Britain (DSO) has been replaced The medal is posthumously awarded.

VIR CHAKRA

Vir Chakra is an Indian gallantry award given in the presence of the enemy on the battlefield for gallantry activities. It replaced the DSC, military cross and distinguished flying cross (DFC). It was the replacement for the British Service Cross (DSC). The decoration award shall be granted the right to use Vr. C. It is the third most important galantric award in the wartime, and it comes after Param Vir Chakra and Maha Vir Chakra. as a postnominal abbreviation (note this abbreviation from Victoria Cross abbreviation).

ASHOK CHAKRA

The Ashoka Chakra is India’s highest decoration for harmony, brave action or self-sacrifice away from the ground.

KIRTI CHAKRA

Awarded the Kirti Chakra for conspicuous gallantry other than in the face of the enemy. 

The Kirti Chakra is qualified according to categories of persons: 

  1. Officers and men and women from all ranks of the Army , Navy and Air Force, Reserve Forces, Territorial Police, Militia, and all other forces lawfully constituted.
  2. Members of Armed Forces Nursing Services.
  3. Civilian people of any sex in all walks of life and Police members of the Central Para-Military Forces and Railway Protection Force.
SHAURYA CHAKRA

The Shaurya Chakra is rewarded for gallantry rather than in an enemy’s nose. The Shaurya Chakra is qualified according to groups of persons:

  1. Officers and men and women from all branches of the Army , Navy and Air Force, Reserve Troops, Federal Police, Militia, and all other services lawfully formed.
  2. Members of Armed Forces Nursing Services.
  3. Civilian people of any sex in all walks of life and Police representatives of the Central Para-Military Services and Railway Security Force.
PARAM VISHISHT SEVA MEDAL

Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM) is an Indian Military award. It was established in 1960 and has been awarded in recognition of the most exceptional order in peace-time service since that time and can be awarded posthumously. The award is eligible for all ranks of the Indian Armed Forces including Territorial Army, Auxiliary and Reserve Forces, Nursing Officers and other members of the Nursing Services, and other legally constituted Armed Forces.

ATI VISHISHT SEVA MEDAL

Ati Vishisht Seva Medal (AVSM) is an Indian military decoration granted to all ranks of the armed forces to honor “distinguished service of an exceptional order” The award is a peacetime equivalent of the Uttam Yuddh Seva Medal, which is the decoration for Wartime Distinguished Service. The award can also be posthumously conferred. Subsequent awards include a bar worn on the ribbon. The award recipient can use “AVSM” as post-nominal lettering.

VISHISHT SEVA MEDAL

The Vishisht Seva Medal (VSM) is an Indian Army decoration. It is given to all ranks of the Indian Armed Forces to honor “distinguished service of a high level.”

SENA MEDAL / NAU SENA

MEDAL / VAYU SENA MEDAL For good field work, at sea or in the air. Nau Sena Medal (also spelt for Nao Sena Medal, lit. Navy Medal) is a gallantry award for Indian Navy servicemen.

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